Desertification is one of the major environmental problems faced by Morocco with nearly 80% of its lands at high risk. Land degradation affects large areas of the country given the aridity of the climate, the long drought cycles and poor land management practices. In response to this problem and its socio-economic and environmental repercussions, Morocco has made significant efforts to address land degradation with action at the policy, planning and budgeting levels.
National Action Program to Combat Desertification
Morocco ratified the UNCCD in 1996, adopted its National Program to Combat Desertification in June 2001, and established an institutional framework for its implementation. The NAP complements existing sector programmes, supports their implementation and promotes an integrated drylands development approach to enhance local livelihoods. Areas of intervention of the NAP include: 1) Promotion of an enabling environment for UNCCD implementation at the policy, legislative and institutional levels; 2) Building the capacity of relevant actors at the national and local levels for drylands development; and 3) Implementation of integrated programmes addressing poverty alleviation, local governance and natural resource management. NAP priorities have been effectively integrated into national development planning and budgeting frameworks, leading to their effective implementation.
Since 2002, the Programme is supporting national efforts towards UNCCD implementation and drylands development, specifically the initiatives below: